India like many countries works with foreign governments, global organisations, and
people in other countries to bring them together into arrangements in order to promote harmony
and prosperity. From being poverty stricken with low literacy and lack of industries to becoming
the world’s largest democracy and the fastest growing economy with the third largest military,
India has came a long way. India enjoys a significant role in global politics and is regarded as a
potential super power. India’s rising economy, strategic location, mix of friendly and diplomatic
foreign policy and large and energetic Diaspora has won it more partners than enemies. India has
friendly relations with most of the countries in the world.
     Chanakya once said, “Every country has a natural enemy”, well India is unfortunate to
have two natural enemies- China and Pakistan. The foundation of Pakistan was the outcome of
the flawed two-nation theory which propagated the idea of religion as the determining factor in
defining the nationality of Indian Muslims. Nearly six and a half decades after independence and
partition of India, Pakistan remains India’s biggest strategic challenge. Indo-Pak relations have
been defined by the violent partition of 1947, the Kashmir conflict and the four wars that were
initiated by Pakistan. In the Cold-war era, Pakistan was a close ally to the United States of
America and India was close to the Soviet Union. Pakistan during that time received huge
economic and military aid from the US, which made their military powerful.
     The Kashmir conflict is the major concern of Pakistan as they have longed for their control
over the Kashmir valley. Its strategy towards Kashmir is of, ‘bleeding India to death’ through
sponsored insurgency and terrorism. Pakistan persists to be the major supporter of a range of
terror organizations, mobilized on the basis of fundamental Islamic ideology. These terrorist
organizations are backed by Pakistan’s state machinery that is what makes it as a grave threat to
India’s national security. Although, India considers Pakistan as the biggest strategic threat yet the
government of India tries to maintain peace. There have been many talks and accords made
between the two countries, but they have all failed to bring peace in the region.

     Pakistan is a failed democracy with the Army calling the shots and its current state of
affairs is unsound. Economic conditions, education and healthcare in Pakistan are deplorable and
the population of 200 million is heading towards breakdown. Areas like Balochistan, Gilgit-
Baltistan and Pakistan Occupied Kashmir suffer from Islamic terror groups, which were created
by Pakistan’s military itself. The reason for the problem is that the democratic government of
Pakistan is incompetent to solve the problems. In such state of affairs, the military of Pakistan
will remain to manage the country and with its control over the nuclear assets it makes the
problem more severe. Ideology of Islamic fundamentalism and hatred towards India is the only
ideology that binds all stratums of Pakistani society. With nuclear arsenal at its disposal and a
military controlled government Pakistan suppose to be the biggest threat to the stability in the
region. Biggest beneficiary of India and Pakistan hostility is China, who considers India as the
main challenger to its credentials of becoming a superpower. Pakistan and China support each
other unilaterally. China backs Pakistan’s claim on Kashmir against India and Pakistan advocates
for China’s authority over the areas of Taiwan and Tibet. China has signed an agreement with
Pakistan on the construction of future China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). It aims to
facilitate trade along an overland route that connects Kashgar city in China and Gwadar port in
Pakistan, through the construction of a network of highways, railways, and pipelines. It provides
China a clear path to the Arabian Sea. China is the second largest trade partner and a huge
investor in Pakistan’s infrastructure and shipping routes.
The day Pakistan chooses to resolve all its problems with India will also be the day it will
lose its legitimacy to exist anymore as a nation, ideologically. Peace with India will lead to the
insignificance of Pakistan’s military in making political decisions. Anti-Indian feeling prevails in
Pakistan, and the military controlled Pakistani media and biased academic curriculum serve as
tools to facilitate it. 

     India and Pakistan relations have no future, and the enmity shall remain like this until
Pakistan undergoes a complete cultural transformation, which is next to impossible if we keep
Pakistan’s current situation in consideration. Cultural Transformation in Pakistan is only possible
when a stable democratic government is established in Islamabad which shall initiate and work
towards establishing a mechanism, which will smooth the progress of cultural development and
eradication Fundamental Islamic Ideology. Until then India is left with very few option that are:
a) Counter Pakistan sponsored Terrorism with Iron Hand, b) Avoid a major armed conflict
with Pakistan, c) Isolate Pakistan Diplomatically d) Improve India’s economy and military.
Though this is very complicated but it’s the only key to tackle the Pakistan Question.



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Kartikey Misra

A student of law, co-founder eltrivate, Individualist, Narcissist. Totally believes in Nationalism. Has an interest in politics, history, religion, literature and international relations. Loves to hunt pseudo liberals and pseudo seculars.

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