“Higher than mountains, deeper than the oceans, stronger than steel, dearer than eyesight, sweeter than honey”
– Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani
(Former Pakistani Prime Minister on Sino-Pak ties)

Ostensibly, it seems rather unbelievable for a stable communist/capitalist, atheist country with a fast growing economy like China to be friends with an Islamic, unstable country such as Pakistan.

For decades the two countries supported each other politically, economically and militarily. Relations between the two countries go back to the Chinese civil war where the communists took over the mainland China while the existing government fled to Taiwan. Pakistan was the first Muslim country to recognize the new People’s Republic of China. Since then Pakistan and China have forged an important regional relationship. Pakistan played a major role in facilitating US president Nixon’s visit to China in 1972. This visit shifted the balance of cold war. On one side Pakistan provides an important link for China to the US as well as to the Middle East countries. On the other side, China offers cultural and political barrier against India thus preventing India from gaining too much influence in east and central Asia.

In addition to linking foreign relations, Pakistan’s military depends on China. Due to the free trade agreement, Pakistan buys more Chinese weapons than any other country, accounting for half of China’s arms sale. In April 2015, China sold 8 submarines to Pakistan for 5 Billion dollars; it was China’s largest military sale ever. Additionally some Chinese diplomats have compared their relation with Pakistan to that of “US and Israel”. Pakistan is also the only Muslim state to have Nuclear weapons and majority of its missiles and nuclear materials have been reported to have come from China.

These two countries support each other unilaterally. China backs Pakistan’s claim on Kashmir against India and Pakistan advocates for China’s authority over the areas of Taiwan and Tibet. In April 2015, Chinese President signed an agreement with Pakistan on the construction of future China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). It aims to facilitate trade along an overland route that connects Kashgar city in China and Gwadar port in Pakistan, through the construction of a network of highways, railways, and pipelines. It provides China a clear path to the Arabian Sea. China is second largest trade partner and a huge investor in Pakistan’s infrastructure and shipping routes.
Pakistan and China have relied and strengthen each other. In the coming years, development goals are expected to interweave.

In world politics “enemy of my enemy is my friend” is very common phenomenon. India and China are bound to have friction because of geopolitical reasons. Both are big continental powers and are aiming to become the super power. China having good relationships with Pakistan keeps India off balance and that is the same reason why India has good relations with Japan.



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Kartikey Misra

A student of law, co-founder eltrivate, Individualist, Narcissist. Totally believes in Nationalism. Has an interest in politics, history, religion, literature and international relations. Loves to hunt pseudo liberals and pseudo seculars.

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