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Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) aims to minimise the spread of ballistic missiles and other unscrewed delivery systems that could be used for chemical, biological, and nuclear attacks. It is an informal collaboration of countries established in  April 1987 by the G7 countries: Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Great Britain, and the United States of America. The MTCR was created in order to curtail the spread of unmanned delivery systems for nuclear weapons, specifically delivery systems that could carry a payload of 500 kg for a distance of 300 km. India on Monday joined the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) as a full member.

Here are the few points that will benefit India as a member of MTCR-

  1. Getting missile technology will be easier.

MTCR membership might be a reason for the US to consider exporting UAVs (Unmanned aerial vehicle), Reaper and Global Hawk, which have played a key role in counter-terrorism efforts in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Somalia and Yemen. These drones have so far been sold to only few countries namely, the UK, Italy and South Korea. India wants to be at the head of the queue when the Reaper and the Global Hawk go on the market.

  1. ISRO will benefit.

Earlier, Russia denied cryogenic technology to India. However, in a welcome change ISRO will now have access to restricted high-end technologies for developing its cryogenic engines in order to enhance space exploration. ISRO has been successful in developing the indigenous cryogenic engine recently.

  1. Sale of cruise missile.

India will be able to sell the Indo-Russian supersonic cruise missile BrahMos to Vietnam and other countries in a development that would make India a significant arms exporter. Vietnam has been keen on acquiring the conventional precision-strike missiles, which fly almost three times the speed of sound, for several years now. MTCR will help India in exporting these missile technologies.

  1. Push to ‘Make in India’.

India’s own technology which will be developed or made under the flagship programme of ‘Made in India’ will see free movement out of the country and boosting the programme in return. Favourable returns will benefit the economy.

  1. Upper hand over China.

After several years of the U.S. curtailing its sale of missiles and missile technologies, China announced in November 2000 that it would not help other countries build ballistic missiles capable of delivering nuclear weapons. China was a key contributor to Pakistan’s missile development, and has in the past provided sensitive technology to countries like North Korea and Iran. In 2004, China applied for MTCR membership, and, at the time, voluntarily pledged to follow the regime’s export control guidelines. Although China no longer sells complete missile systems and has tightened its export controls, its membership was rejected due to concerns that Chinese entities continued to provide sensitive technologies to countries developing ballistic missiles, such as North Korea.

  1. MTCR today, NSG tomorrow?

MTCR membership has brought India one step closer to India’s membership to Nuclear Supply Group. Recently India could not get a seat in the elite NSG due to the opposition of China. At least 10 countries opposed India’s bid to join the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG). MTCR gives India a chance to engage with other global non-proliferation players.

 

 

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Kartikey Misra

A student of law, co-founder eltrivate, Individualist, Narcissist. Totally believes in Nationalism. Has an interest in politics, history, religion, literature and international relations. Loves to hunt pseudo liberals and pseudo seculars.

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