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What is your father’s name?

“swatantra”

Where do you live?

“In the jail”

What is your name?

“Azad”

 This was chandrashekhar azad’s reply to the magistrate when he was arrested, at that time he was 15 years old.

Chandra Shekhar Azad was born to Pt. Sitaram tiwari, a poor brahmin who hailed from Badarkha,Unnao. Chandra Shekhar Azad was born on 23 July 1906 inBhavra village, in the present dayAlirajpur district of Madhya Pradesh.He was then called Chandra Shekar Tiwari.

His mother wanted her son to be a greatSanskrit scholar and persuaded his father to send him to Kashi Vidyapeeth,Banaras to study. In December 1921, whenMohandas K. Gandhi launched theNon-Cooperation Movement,Chandra Shekhar, then a 15-year old student, joined. As a result, he was arrested.

After suspension of the non-cooperation movement in 1922 by Gandhi, Azad became more aggressive. He committed himself to achieve complete independence by any means. Azad also believed that India’s future lay in socialism. He met a young revolutionary, Pranvesh Chatterji, who introduced him to Ram Prasad Bismil who had formed the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), a revolutionary organisation. Azad was impressed with the aim of HRA, i.e., an independent India with equal rights and opportunity to everyone without discrimination of caste, creed, religion or social status. On introduction, Bismil was impressed by Azad, when Azad reportedly put his hand over a lamp and did not remove it till his skin burnt. He then became an active member of the HRA and started to collect funds for HRA. Most of the fund collection was through robberies of government property. He also wanted to build a new India based on socialist principles. Azad and his compatriots also planned and executed several acts of violence against the British. Most of his revolutionary activities were planned and executed from Shahjahanpur which was also the hometown of Ram Prasad. He was involved in theKakori Train Robbery of 1925, in the attempt to blow up the Viceroy’s train in 1926, and at last the shooting of J.P. Saunders atLahore in 1928 to avenge the killing of Lala Lajpat Rai.

“Dushman ki Goli ka saamna ham khoob karenge, Azad hai….aur azaad rahenge”

After the murder of Saunders,Azad had to hide in the forest. On 27th february,1931 he went to alfred park, allahbad to meet a revolutionary, Sukhdev raj. The police were notified of his location by an informer. Faced with armed police, Azad fired upon them. He was wounded in the process of killing three policemen and wounding some others. His actions made it possible for Sukhdev Raj to escape. After a long shootout, holding true to his pledge to never be captured alive, he shot himself dead with his last bullet.

His name shall remain forever

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Kartikey Misra

A student of law, co-founder eltrivate, Individualist, Narcissist. Totally believes in Nationalism. Has an interest in politics, history, religion, literature and international relations. Loves to hunt pseudo liberals and pseudo seculars.

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